Why does an LED grow light distance chart matter, what is the best LED grow light distance from plants, and how should they be used to improve plant growth? Learn the answers to these questions and more through this article.
Providing your marijuana plants with high-quality lighting is one of the best ways to guarantee that you get bigger and better yields. Lighting matters a lot – when plants grow in natural sunlight, they get that light from the sun, which is always at a fixed distance away from them at any given point in time. However, when you grow your plants indoors, you substitute the sunlight with indoor LED lighting, which you can adjust nearer or further from the plant based on the need for the growth phase it is in.
In this article, we shall specifically be closing a detailed look at how far LED grow lights should be from plants to provide them the best possible growth without harming them. We shall also provide you with a comprehensive distance chart that will help you understand which growth phase requires what kind of lighting.
Before we jump on to all of that, we will quickly go through what LED lights are and what their benefits are – as well as what kind of lighting is needed during different phases of the marijuana growth cycle and how far LED lights should be from weed plants. We will also answer several other questions related to grow light distance charts!
What Are LED Grow Lights and Why Are They Important for Growing Marijuana?
LED grow lights are the latest type of grow lights used to grow indoor plants. They are particularly useful for growers who are cultivating cannabis indoors. When growing naturally under the skies, plants are in constant need of light – which comes to them via natural sunlight. When growing indoors, these plants generally do not have access to sunlight and hence require grow lights.
There are several different types of grow lights, such as High-Intensity Discharge lights and Fluorescent lights, but LED grow lights are the latest and most modern forms of lighting systems these days. Understanding the benefits of each is important for determining the full spectrum LED grow light distance for plants.
Here are some benefits of these grow lights, which make them the hot favorite among modern-day growers.
Benefits of LED Grow Lights
First things first, LED grow lights consume very little power compared to practically any other type of lighting. These lights consume half to a third of what an HPS grow light would consume and make a lot of economic sense, even though the initial purchase cost is slightly higher than most other lighting solutions. In addition, LED grow lights are also important for another reason – as they offer you a full-spectrum lighting option without having to change the lighting setup.
In the case of older lighting solutions, you need to change the light between one phase of growth and another to meet the plant’s needs. In LED grow lights, you can do that by just pressing the switches! LED grow lights are also beneficial for growers as they are easier to dispose of and do not carry toxic chemicals. These lights also tend to last much longer (more than 100,000 hours) than older grow lights. LED grow lights also emit much less heat and are safer to use as they do not burn the plants.
Full spectrum grow lights offer many benefits to marijuana growers. Here is an explanation of the growth phases and the plant’s lighting needs. Our LED grow light distance chart can help you stay on track for optimal plant growth!
Growth Phases of the Marijuana Plant and Lighting Needs Using the LED Grow Light Distance Chart
Now that you know what LED grow lights are and why they are important for growing weed, here’s a look at the different stages in the cannabis plant’s growth cycle, along with a description of the kind of lighting they require during this phase. A more detailed description is provided in the next section, where we have shared a LED grow light distance chart that will give you exact measurements.
While there are seven stages in the journey from seed to harvest, we have excluded the seed, germination, and harvest stages as these phases don’t really need lighting. Light is necessary for the pre-vegetative (seedling) phase, the growth (vegetative) phase, the pre-flowering phase, and the flowering phase of the marijuana plant.
Here’s a detailed insight into these four growth stages.
- Pre-Vegetative Phase
In the pre-vegetative phase, plants need lots of lighting – this is essentially the seedling stage, where 20 to 22 hours of lighting can be provided to the plants. Plants need cool blue lighting during this phase.
- Vegetative Phase
This is the next stage in the marijuana plant’s growth cycle, where the plant progresses from a seedling to a full-blown plant with quite a bit of foliage. The vegetative phase is a phase of rapid growth when the plant undergoes many physical changes. Plants need about 18 to 20 hours of cool blue lighting during this phase.
- Pre-Flowering Phase
Pre-flowering stages require about 14 to 16 hours of lighting and a fair mix of red and blue lights. This is where little buds begin to emerge.
- Flowering Phase
The final full-blown flowering phase requires a lot of red light, and the lights also need to move closer to the plants than they were in the vegetative phase. In this phase, you must provide 10 to 12 hours of light to the marijuana plant.
The distance from the full spectrum grow light to the plant is determined by the wattage, which we shall look at next in the LED light distance chart.
Full Spectrum LED Grow Light Distance Chart: What Is the LED Grow Light Distance From Plants?
Knowing what kind of lighting is important, but it is also quite critical to know how far your lights should be from your plants. Here’s an LED grow light distance chart to help you understand how far LED light should be from weed plants. However, the wattage of your lights needs to be kept in mind before adjusting the height. The higher the wattage, the further distance should be.
Here’s a quick full spectrum LED grow light distance chart that will help you understand the LED grow light distance from plants.
- If your grow light wattage is 200W, you should keep your lights about 12-20” away from your plants during the vegetative phase and about 8-12” away during the flowering phase.
- For LED grow lights between 250-400W, it should ideally be 16-30” away from the top of your plant during the vegetative phase and about 16 to 18 inches away during the flowering phase.
- For growers who use a grow light of 550 to 650W, it should be 24 to 30 inches during the first half of your plant’s growth and about 16 to 18 inches during the flowering season.
- If your cannabis plant is growing with a 600-800W LED grow light, you need to hang it about 32 to 36 inches above your plant in the vegetative phase but lower it to 16 to 20 inches during the flowering phase.
- For a 900-1000W LED grow light, the distance from the top of the cannabis plant during the vegetative phase should be 36 to 42 inches, while the distance during the flowering phase should be 18 to 24 inches.
- Growers using a 1200W LED light for growing cannabis indoors should hang the light 30 to 36 inches from the plant’s top during the vegetative phase but lower it to 18 to 24 inches when flowers begin to bloom.
- A 1500W LED light would require the growers to hang it about 30 to 36 inches above the plant in the vegetative phase, while they will then need to lower it down to 24 to 30 inches during the flowering phase.
- For a super-bright 2000W LED grow light, a distance of about 26 to 30 inches is appropriate during the vegetative phase of the marijuana plant, while a distance of about 24 inches would be ideal for the flowering phase.
Basically, the brighter your lights and the higher the wattage, the higher you need to hang them from your plant. Otherwise, you might risk your plants suffering from what is commonly known as ‘light burn,’ where portions (especially on the top of your plants and flowers) tend to turn black and look burnt due to excess lighting.
Keep our LED light distance chart on hand for easy reference for growing weed.
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Using a Grow Light Distance Chart: Top 3 Best LED Grow Lights in 2022
With everything about LED grow lights and grow light distance charts now known to you in brief, here’s a quick look at the five best options you have when it comes to buying a great LED grow light for your marijuana plants in 2022:
1. Advanced Platinum Series P450 450w 12-band LED Grow Light
- Power Draw: 137w Veg / 255w Bloom
- Dimensions: 11x19x3 inches
- Warranty: 5-year warranty, 90-day money-back guarantee
PlatinumLED is among the best and the most trusted names in the world of marijuana growers.
The brand is known for its high-quality lighting solutions. This particular model from them is the P450, which ensures the growers get bright 450W output while consuming only 255W of power at the most. This is a 12-band full-spectrum light which the manufacturer claims is 2 to 3 times brighter than most other grow lights. Full spectrum lighting ensures that both phases of the plant’s life cycle are covered without changing the setup.
The PlatinumLED grow light has separate veg and bloom mode switches, making things easier for growers. You also get the assurance of an American company using high-quality LED lights. This light can easily replace a 600W HPS light and offers you a 4.5ft x 4ft coverage from 18″. This is a grow light that offers you an incredible 5 years of warranty – the longest in the industry!
Need help using your full-spectrum to grow light and understanding the LED grow light distance from plants? Check out our grow light distance chart above and maximize your weed plant growth!
2. Spider Farmer SF1000 LED Grow Light Dimmable
- Power Draw: 100.5W±5%@AC12 0V
- Dimensions: 11.8 x 10.5 x 2.3 inches
- Warranty: 3-year warranty
Spider Farmer is another of the best names in the markets these days, which makes grow lights that will help your plants grow bigger and faster.
Their use of LM301B Diodes makes them a great growth light as these Samsung LEDs are bound to last longer than what most of their competitors offer. This grow light covers an area of 3×3 ft during the vegetative phase and a coverage area of 2×2 ft during the flowering phase. This is also a dimmable grow light, which means you can easily customize the intensity of the light.
The Spider Farmer SF1000 is a full-spectrum LED grow light where you can get a perfect combination of reds and blues. This is a modern-day board-design LED light, meaning there are no bulky panels and noisy fans, and heat is dissipated with the help of heat sinks. This grow light also supports daisy chaining allowing you to connect one grow light to another instead of connecting all of them separately with the power outlets. You also get uniform light coverage with these grow lights. You get a three-year warranty on this light.
How far should LED grow lights be from weed plants? Refer to our LED grow light distance chart.
3. VIVOSUN 2020 Latest VS1000 LED Grow Light with Samsung Diodes
- Power Draw: 100W
- Dimensions: 13.7 x 13.18 x 3.42 inches
- Warranty: 3 years
Vivosun is among the most popular grow light makers in the world!
This company makes products that are efficient and long-lasting, as well as trusted by millions. This is their latest design, a 2020 model of a quantum board LED grow light that is lightweight and does away with all the unneeded bulk while also providing relief from the buzzing noise of the fans by eliminating them altogether! There’s a full-spectrum lighting arrangement on this grow light, which gives the plants a sun-like lighting experience, helping them grow faster and stronger. These lights are also dimmable, allowing you to create the perfect conditions for your plants.
The VS1000 from Vivosun also consumes only 100W of electricity, giving you the best power draw to output ratio. This is a 2020 model, giving you the latest tech benefits. The grow light covers 4×4 ft during the vegetative phase and about 3×3 during the flowering/blooming phase. The light is so bright that you get a pair of protective sunglasses to wear while working with this light which comes bundled with the package. Finally, you also get a three-year warranty with this grow light from Vivosun.
Use our LED light distance chart for optimal weed plant growth!
- Phlizon 1200W LED Grow Light
- Meizhi 600W Reflector LED Grow Light
- Mars Hydro 300W LED Grow Light
- Viparspectra 600W LED Grow Light
- Bloomspect 600W LED Grow Light
- Viparspectra LED Grow Light
- Bestva 600W LED Grow Light
- King Plus 1200W LED Grow Light
- Lightimetunnel 600W LED Grow Light
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Grow Lights and LED Grow Light Distance Charts
Using our LED grow light distance chart can give your plant optimal growth conditions. To help you understand how to use the grow light distance chart for marijuana plants, here are the answers to some of the most common and frequently asked questions that we are often asked about indoor cannabis lighting and LED grow lights:
1. What if I don’t turn off the lights at all?
Overexposing your plants to grow lights would mean that you are giving them no time to rest and are overworking them. This would stress out the plants, and you would eventually see some portions drooping or dying off. Another basic understanding is that plants generate food during the lit hours while distributing it to all their parts during the unlit hours.
2. What are other non-LED lighting options?
Apart from LED lights, there are High-Pressure Sodium grow lights and Metal Halides that need to be changed based on your desired lighting condition. Similarly, you also have pretty good fluorescent lighting options that need to be changed based on warm and cool lighting needs.
3. Are LED grow lights legal to grow marijuana?
LED grow lights are completely legal to use. However, growing cannabis using them might not be completely legal based on your local laws. Make sure you confirm everything with your local law authorities before you start growing weed; otherwise, you might end up in legal trouble!
- Roleadro GalaxyHydro 1000W Led Grow Lights
- King Plus 1000W LED Grow Light
- King Plus 3000W LED Grow Light
- Bestva DC 2000W LED Grow Light
- Spider Farmer SF-(600, 1000, 2000, 4000) LED Grow Light
- HiGrow 1500W LED Grow Light
- Viparspectra 1200W LED Grow Light
- Viparspectra V300 300W LED Grow Light
- Viparspectra PAR600 600W LED Grow Light
The Bottom Line on LED Grow Lights and Grow Light Distance Charts
We hope this article gives you 360-degree insight into the world of LED grow lights and helps you understand how to use the full spectrum LED grow light distance chart correctly. LED lights are the best options that we have when it comes to growing marijuana plants indoors. Still, they need to be used correctly and precisely to get the most out of your plants; otherwise, you might end up damaging them or getting a lesser yield than you could.
We hope our LED grow light distance chart helps you better understand the lighting systems. Please let us know in the comments or drop us a note if you have any more questions! Till then…
…Happy Growing! 🙂